Home textile non-woven fabric is one of the most popular types of nonwoven fabrics used today. It can be used for many purposes, including furnishings, personal hygiene, healthcare, and more.
Nonwovens are manufactured from fibers, usually natural or synthetic, that are bonded together mechanically or chemically. They have a low cost and high strength, making them suitable for many applications.
Various manufacturing techniques are used to create nonwovens, which include a combination of heat and solvent treatments. They are then bonded with a binder. The binder can be a powder, paste, or polymer melt.
The most common type of nonwoven is spunbonded. This type is also produced through thermal bonding, and involves a process in which spinnerets produce strands of thermoplastic fibers. These are then stretched to improve strength.
Other types of nonwovens include bonded fabrics and composite textiles. These are combinations of various mediums, such as foam, fibers, and fabric.
Typical uses for nonwovens are in the aerospace industry, medical, and horticulture. They are also used for household goods, such as towels, blankets, and carpet backing.
Aside from being versatile, nonwovens are easy to maintain. The nonwoven industry has always led the charge for sustainability.
Nonwovens can be designed to enhance certain characteristics, such as impact resistance, flame retardancy, or liquid repellency. Nonwovens are also available in several thicknesses, depending on the needs of the application.
Because of their unique properties, nonwovens can be tailored to add specific features. For example, they are ideal for use in medical settings, where they can reduce the risk of contamination.